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Investigations on concretes containing fly ash for use in Qatar

S. Palm, C. Müller, VDZ gGmbH, Duesseldorf, M. Lichtmann, A. Hugot, Steag Power Minerals GmbH, Dinslaken, Germany,
J. Pfitzner, Hawar Power Minerals W.L.L., Qatar

 

In Qatar it is permissible to use granulated blastfurnace slag meal, fly ash and microsilica as additions in concrete beside Portland cement. Granulated blastfurnace slag meal accounts for the largest proportion of concrete additions used in Qatar. However, it is not always available in the required quantity because, like the other concrete constituents (with the exception of Portland cement and water), it has to be imported. The aim of these investigations was to check the fundamental suitability of a locally available fly ash in concrete under realistic conditions when compared with a granulated blastfurnace slag that is also regionally available. Test mix formulations were designed on the basis of selected reference concretes and of the QCS 2010 series of standards valid in Qatar, the analyses of the constituent materials and the requirements for the fresh and hardened concrete properties. All the mix formulations were produced and tested in Qatar by a concrete test laboratory. It was found that the use of the available fly ash at lower water/binder ratios and slightly lower superplasticizer contents led to workability properties that were comparable with the properties of the reference concretes. This confirmed that, regardless of the temperature, fly ash can have a positive effect on the workability properties. As expected, the early strengths of concretes containing fly ash are lower. This is also normally associated with lower evolution of heat. The results of the durability investigations that were carried out showed that concretes containing fly ash can be placed in the same respective durability classes defined in QCS 2010 as the reference concretes containing granulated blastfurnace slag meal.

 

In Qatar it is permissible to use granulated blastfurnace slag meal, fly ash and microsilica as additions in concrete beside Portland cement. Granulated blastfurnace slag meal accounts for the largest proportion of concrete additions used in Qatar. However, it is not always available in the required quantity because, like the other concrete constituents (with the exception of Portland cement and water), it has to be imported. The aim of these investigations was to check the fundamental suitability of a locally available fly ash in concrete under realistic conditions when compared with a granulated blastfurnace slag that is also regionally available. Test mix formulations were designed on the basis of selected reference concretes and of the QCS 2010 series of standards valid in Qatar, the analyses of the constituent materials and the requirements for the fresh and hardened concrete properties. All the mix formulations were produced and tested in Qatar by a concrete test laboratory. It was found that the use of the available fly ash at lower water/binder ratios and slightly lower superplasticizer contents led to workability properties that were comparable with the properties of the reference concretes. This confirmed that, regardless of the temperature, fly ash can have a positive effect on the workability properties. As expected, the early strengths of concretes containing fly ash are lower. This is also normally associated with lower evolution of heat. The results of the durability investigations that were carried out showed that concretes containing fly ash can be placed in the same respective durability classes defined in QCS 2010 as the reference concretes containing granulated blastfurnace slag meal.

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04/2016 Content:


The new 3000 t/d dry-process production line at the OOO Sengilejewskij cement plant


Detailed calculation of the grinding and classifying processes in a vertical roller mill by coupled hybrid modelling


Large gear unit repair on a two-chamber tube mill in the Burglengenfeld cement plant in an extremely confined space


Sulfate optimization of cements using isothermal calorimetry


Investigations on concretes containing fly ash for use in Qatar